A

Abdomen: The underside of a chicken from the keel to the vent.

Addled: An egg of which has become unedible, the living components have died, or the living components never fully developed.

Alektorophobia: The fear of chickens.

Avian Influenza: Commonly know as the bird flu, avian flu, or bird plague. A virus that affects birds and is carried through the intestines. It is most commonly found in turkeys and chickens. (More information on the 'Diseases/Poisons' page)

Axial Feather: When a chicken's wings are fanned out, one of the feathers (roughly in the middle) will be slightly shorter. This is the axial feather and it shows where the primary and secondary feathers begin and end.

 

B

Bantam: Also called the "bantie" "banty" or plural "banties". Bantams are chickens that are smaller than the standard chicken usually one-fourth to one-fifth the size of a regular chicken. (More information on the 'Breeds' page)

Barnyard Chicken: A chicken of mixed breed.

Beak: A sharp and hard protruding mouthpart of a bird consisting of an upper and lower half.

Beard: The feathers that are bunched under the beak of certain breeds.

Bedding: Materials placed in a chicken's nesting box used to comfort the bird and encourage egg laying in that spot. It also absorbs moisture and stench.

Biddy: An affectionate term for a hen.

Billing Out: When a chicken uses its beak to shovel or scrape the food out of its feeder onto the ground.

Bleaching: The fading discoloration of the beak, shanks, and vent of a yellow-skinned laying hen.

Bloodspot: A defect in an egg caused by the rupture of a chicken's blood vessel and is still edible.

Bloom: 1) The liquid which appears on an egg straight after being laid. It acts as a lubricant to make the egg slip out smoothly and dries very quickly after laying. 2) The peak condition of an exhibition bird.

Blowout: Damage to the vent caused by the hen laying an oversized egg.

Booted: A chicken with feathers on the feet (shanks and toes)

Break Up: To discourage a hen from becoming broody and setting.

Breed: 1) A type of chicken. 2) Pairing a hen and rooster to obtain fertile eggs.

Breeders: 1) A person who hatches their own chickens. 2) Mature chickens in which fertile eggs are collected.

Breed True: When a purebred chick's characteristics resemble both parents. 

Broiler: Also called a "fryer". A chicken that grows very large very fast and is the top chicken meat contributor. (More information on the 'Chicken Abuse' page) 

Brood: 1) A group of chicks hatched in a group. 2) To care for a batch of chicks.

Brooder: A heated caged that chicks are temporarily placed to simulate the warmth a mother hen would give them.

Broody: (Broodiness) A mother hen's desire to sit on and hatch eggs. Also used if the hen sits on the eggs for a long time without any chicks.

 

C

Candle: To examine signs of fertality using a powerful light and shining it into the egg.

Candler: A device designed to candle eggs.

Cannibalism: When chickens eat each others flesh, feathers, or eggs.

Cape: The narrow feathers between the neck and back.

Capon: A castrated rooster.

Cecum: Located at the juncure of the small and large intestines, it's a blind pouch that resembles the human appendix.

Cestode: A tapeworm.

Chalazae: In an egg, the two white cords that anchor the yolk to the shell.

Chicken (as food): The meat from a chicken as food.

Chicken: A common domestic fowl, usually with brown or black feathers with a red fleshy crest on its head and wattles under its beak. A female chicken lays eggs and a male chicken crows.

Chicken Tractor: A portable cage (usually 6-8 feet long and 2 feet wide) made of wire. It is designed to allow chickens to scratch and eat outdoors while still being confined.

Chicks: A term for a baby chicken (from the time they are hatched to when they are feathered out).

Chooks: A british and autrailian term for chicken. 

Classification:

Clean Legged:

Clinical:

Cloaca:

Clutch:

Coccidioasis:

Coccidiosis:

Coccidiostat:

Cock:

Cockerel: A rooster that is younger than one year of age.

Comb: A red fleshy crown on the top of a chicken's head. A tuft or other growth on the top of the head of a bird or other animal.

Complete Feed: A feed which contains foods to maintain your chcikens' health.

Conformation:

Contagious:

Coop:

Crest:

Crested Breed:

Crop:

Crossbreed:

Crow:

Crumble:

Cull:

Cushion:

Cuticle:

 

D

Debeak:

Down:

Dustbathe:

E

Egg (fertilized):

Egg Tooth:

Egg:

Embryo:

Exhibition Breeds:

 

F

Feathers:

Feces:

Flock:

Free-Range:

 

G

Gallus Domesticus:

Gizzard:

Grit:

Grower House:

 

H

Hackles:

Hatchability:

Hatchery:

Hen: A female chicken.

Hybrid:

 

I

Incubate:

Incubation Period:

Infertility:

 

J

 

K

Keel:

 

L

 

M

Mate:

Moult:

Muff:

 

N

Nest Egg:

Nesting Boxes:

 

O

Oviduct:

 

P

Parasite:  

Pecking Order:

Perch:

Poultry: A domestic fowl: chickens, turkeys, ducks, or geese raised for meat and eggs.

Pullet: A hen that is younger than one year of age.

Purebred:

 

Q

 

R

Range-fed:

Rooster: A male chicken.

 

S

Saddle:

Scales:

Sexed:

Shank:

Sickles:

Spurs:

Standard:

Straight-run:

 

T

Trachea:

 

U

 

V

Vaccine:

Vent:

 

W

Wattles:  A loose, often red colored fold of bare skin hanging from the throat.

 

X

 

Y

Yolk:

 

Z